Feelings of anxiety are totally normal, And people can experience it in our everyday lives in multiple situations.
Anxiety is a standard and elastic reaction that occurs in situations of stress or doubt. But when anxiety causes an operational handicap, It affects different regions of our life (social relationships, work, school…) and causes great distress and distress, then it could possibly be an anxiety disorder. In this circumstance, psychological treatment is essential.
1 Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
2 Treatments For Stress
2.1 1- Relaxation Techniques
2.2 2- Exposure Techniques
2.3 3- Systematic Desensitization
2.4 4- Cognitive Restructuring
2.5 5- Pharmacological Techniques
2.6 6- Mindfulness
3 Go To Psychotherapy, The Ideal Choice to Conquer Stress
Symptoms of Stress Disorders
Negative Anxiety can attest for various reasons, as there are various kinds of anxiety disorders. Some people are very scared to speak in public (social anxiety ) and consequently often avoid situations where they’re exposed to the distress.
Others Have irrational and catastrophic thoughts almost daily about events which haha sort happened anand that very unlikely to occur (generalized anxiety disorder), and others feel great discomfort when reliving a traumatic event in the past (post-traumatic anxiety disorder). Regardless of the type of stress, some symptoms characteristic of this disorder are:
Intense and irrational fear.
Avoidance of feared situations.
Repetitive thoughts and behaviors.
If Because there are various sorts of stress disorder, each has a specific therapy.
However, psychologists, we can offer a series of techniques that help improve the conditions of stress, but the issue doesn’t subside if you do not do your part. It’s your responsibility to implement certain habits and strategies in your life to make anxiety stop being a problem.
Our Body responds to anxious thoughts with muscular tension and a series of physiological responses. When an anxious individual participates a situation as threatening, the fight-and-flight response is triggered, a collection of hormones is released and the autonomous nervous system prepares the individual to respond to a harmful situation.
Comfort Techniques aim to teach individuals to relax, learn how to breathe properly and decrease physiological activation. There are a variety of types of relaxation methods, as an instance, Jacobson’s progressive muscle relaxation technique or Schultz autogenic training.
2- Exposure Techniques
Stress Is not a pleasant feeling, so individuals who suffer from this disorder try to avoid situations that cause distress. A very common way of doing this is to escape from the situation or the anxious stimulus. If somebody is afraid to talk in public, they can avoid attending their best friend’s wedding to prevent giving a speech in front of attendees. If somebody is afraid to fly, they can drive for days to avoid getting on a plane.
Involves exposing the patient to feared situations or objects. The concept is that through repeated exposures, it is going to acquire a feeling of control over anxiety, and the scenario will tend to disappear. Exposure techniques are used in circumstances of phobias along with other anxiety disorders (e.g. obsessive-compulsive disorder) and are characterized because the patient needs to confront the feared stimulus until the anxiety is reduced by habituation.
This Kind of Technique makes it feasible to prevent escape or avoidance from turning into a safety response. By doing so, a hierarchy of feared stimuli is usually established, so that the patient can gradually move closer to those stimuli. These types of techniques can be performed both reside and imaginary. Nowadays, thanks to the newest technologies, it is possible to realize these techniques via virtual reality. Exposure therapy might be used alone or may be performed as part of cognitive-behavioral treatment.
3- Systematic Desensitization
Instead Of facing the situation or feared object immediately, it’s likely that the treatment and the display will begin with a situation that is just slightly threatening, to go working little by little until the objective. This strategy, which is distinguished by step by step, is known as systematic desensitization. Systematic desensitization permits you to gradually challenge fears, build trust, and grasp panic control skills.
Systematic desensitization is much like vulnerability techniques (and for some authors, it’s included within them). However, you will find several differences between the two remedies. It is utilized to conquer stress, in systematic desensitization counter-conditioning can be used. In systematic desensitization, the approximation to the stimulus occurs slowly, but in the vulnerability technique, the speed of approximation depends upon the moment, the individual’s disposition and the speed of habituation.
Make a list step-by-step . 10 to 20 dreaded situations are selected to progress to the last goal. For instance, if you want to overcome the anxiety of flying, then the initial step is to look at photographs of planes.
Work the measures under the guidance of the therapist. The individual is exposed to the feared situation and replaces anxiety together with learned techniques.
Cognitive Restructuring is predicated on the thought that the way we feel, behave and react to scenarios based on our manner of believing, so this strategy tries to modify dysfunctional thinking patterns and beliefs.
Cognitive restructuring is derived from cognitive treatment (but also used in the cognitive-behavioral treatment ) that helps people identify and challenge Thought patterns and beliefs which cause stress. The objective of this technique is that the alteration of the routines of thought of the individual through different methods.
5- Pharmacological Techniques
In some situations, it is a good idea to supplement the emotional treatment with pharmacological therapy, especially in conditions where signs need to be reduced quickly, for example, to take care of a panic attack.
But, medicines should be combined with different cognitive and behavioral techniques And slowly replaced by them. Medicines can cause addiction and intolerance, therefore it’s necessary to be cautious in their usage and self-medication ought to be prevented. Two kinds of drugs are commonly used in the treatment of anxiety: anxiolytics and antidepressants.
Mindfulness Belongs to third-generation psychological therapies. Among the applications most commonly employed for the treatment of anxiety disorders is the MBCT (Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy) or Cognitive Therapy according to Mindfulness. The program combines meditation with the acquisition of technical abilities that describe cognitive therapy, such as the interruption of thought patterns that lead to anxiety symptoms.
Mindfulness, Rather than a set of techniques, is a philosophy that concentrates on self-acceptance, empathy, focus and adopting a non-judgmental mindset. It’s based on the concept that it is not events that cause stress, however, how we interpret them and how we cope with them. It is not a matter of eliminating stress but of taking it due to not minding it, anxious symptomatology is decreased.
Go To Psychotherapy, The Best Option To Conquer Stress
In terms of the treatment of anxiety disorders, science demonstrates that psychotherapy is usually the best alternative. Therapy helps the patient discover the underlying causes of their concerns and anxieties; it allows them to learn how to relax and look at situations from a new perspective and gives them the possibility to develop better coping and problem-solving abilities. Therapy facilitates the resources to overcome anxiety and teaches how to use them.
The Length of treatment will be based on the kind and severity of the anxiety disorder. However, many anxiety therapies are relatively brief, Because the great majority of individuals improve at 8-10 curative sessions.